Religious Tolerance and Interfaith Dialogue in the Middle East: Historical Insights and Contemporary Challenges

مشرق وسطیٰ میں مذہبی رواداری اور بین المذاہب مکالمہ: تاریخی بصیرت اور عصری چیلنجز


  • Dr. Inamullah Khattak Associate Professor of Islamic Studies and Comparative Religious Studies, University of Peshawar Author
  • Prof. Johannes Müller Department of Religious Studies, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany Author


Religious tolerance, interfaith dialogue, Middle East, History, Contemporary challenges


Religious tolerance and interfaith dialogue in the Middle East have long been subjects of scholarly interest and societal concern. This abstract explores the historical roots and contemporary challenges surrounding these crucial issues. Delving into the rich tapestry of religious diversity in the region, it examines the historical precedents of coexistence and conflict among different faith traditions. Drawing on interdisciplinary perspectives, the abstract analyzes the multifaceted factors shaping interfaith relations, including political dynamics, socio-cultural norms, and religious ideologies. Furthermore, it addresses contemporary challenges to religious tolerance, such as sectarian tensions, extremist ideologies, and geopolitical conflicts. Through case studies and empirical analysis, the abstract highlights the importance of fostering dialogue, mutual understanding, and respect among diverse religious communities in the Middle East. Ultimately, it emphasizes the urgent need for collaborative efforts from governments, civil society, and religious leaders to promote religious tolerance and build a future of coexistence and peace in the region.